How to Recognize the Symptoms of Hernia in Male and Women

Hernias are common medical conditions caused by an internal organ or tissue protruding through a weakened spot in the muscle or tissue holding it in place. While often associated with men, hernias can affect people of all genders.

In this blog, we will delve into the symptoms of hernia in women and men, providing insights into the indicators that may indicate the presence of this condition.

Understanding Hernias 

A hernia forms when an internal organ or tissue protrudes through a weakened spot or tear in the muscle or the connective tissue that normally contains it.

Hernias can develop in various parts of the body and can affect both men and women.

Types of Hernias in Male and Female

The common types of hernias in men and women include:

  • Inguinal Hernia: This is the most common type of hernia in males, characterized by a portion of the intestine protruding through a weakened area in the abdominal muscles near the groin. Men are more likely to develop this hernia due to the natural weakness in this area.
  • Hiatus Hernia: This occurs when a part of the stomach pushes upward into the chest cavity through the diaphragm. Both men and women can develop hiatal hernias, which often lead to symptoms such as heartburn and acid reflux.
  • Incisional Hernia: This happens when tissue protrudes through a previous surgical incision in the abdomen. It can develop in both males and females who have undergone abdominal surgery.
  • Femoral Hernia: More common in women than men, femoral hernias occur when tissue pushes through the wall of the femoral canal near the thigh. These hernias are often associated with discomfort and are more likely to lead to complications.
  • Epigastric Hernia: This type occurs when fatty tissue pushes through the abdominal wall between the navel and the lower part of the ribcage. It can cause a small lump or bulge and discomfort.


Symptoms of Hernia in Male

Symptoms of hernias in males may differ depending on the type and location of the hernia. However, common symptoms may include the following:

  • Visible bulge or protrusion in the abdomen or groin area, especially when standing or straining.
  • Pain or discomfort in the affected area, worsening during physical activity or straining.
  • A tugging sensation of the scrotum around the testicles.
  • Pressure or heaviness in the groin or abdomen.
  • Weakness or fatigue in the abdominal muscles.
  • Digestive issues such as heartburn or difficulty swallowing.
  • Difficulty urinating or changes in urination patterns.


Symptoms of Hernia in Female

Symptoms of hernias in females can present similarly to males but may also include signs specific to their anatomy. Common symptoms of hernia in women include:

  • Smaller and deeper bulge in the abdomen, groin, or pelvic area.
  • Pain or discomfort exacerbated by physical activity or straining.
  • Pressure or heaviness in the groin, abdomen, or pelvic region.
  • Menstrual changes or pelvic discomfort during menstruation.
  • Pain during sexual intercourse.
  • Digestive issues like heartburn or difficulty swallowing.
  • Urinary symptoms such as difficulty urinating or changes in urinary patterns.
  • Changes in bowel movements, like constipation or difficulty passing stool.


Diagnosis of Hernia

  • Medical History: The doctor will ask about your medical history, including any previous surgeries, and any symptoms, including the location, duration, and intensity of any pain or discomfort and any activities that exacerbate the symptoms.


  • Physical Examination: During the assessment, the doctor will examine the area where you suspect a hernia, looking for visible bulges or lumps. You may be asked to perform certain movements to help identify the hernia.


  • Imaging Tests: Imaging tests like ultrasound, CT, and MRI scans can help provide detailed images of the body’s internal structures and detect hernias.


  • Endoscopy: In some cases, an endoscope, a thin, flexible tube with an attached camera, may be used to examine the inside of the stomach or intestines, especially for diagnosing hiatal hernias.


Hernia Treatment

Here are the main hernia treatment options:

  • Watchful Waiting: In cases where the hernia is small, asymptomatic, and not causing complications, a “watchful waiting” approach may be recommended. This involves monitoring the hernia for any changes in size or symptoms over time.


  • Lifestyle Changes: Making lifestyle modifications, like avoiding heavy lifting, maintaining a healthy weight, quitting smoking, and managing constipation can help alleviate symptoms and prevent hernias from worsening.


  • Surgical Repair: Surgical repair is the most definitive treatment for hernias and is recommended for most cases, particularly if the hernia is causing symptoms or complications. In this surgery, a small camera is inserted through a port to view the hernia and surrounding structures on a screen. Additional ports in the lower abdomen allow the surgeon to use laparoscopic instruments to repair the hernia.


Choose Dr. Girish Juneja for Hernia Treatment in Dubai

If you are experiencing symptoms of a hernia, seek help from an experienced healthcare professional like Dr. Girish Juneja. With over 30 years of experience in laparoscopic and general surgery in Dubai and Abu Dhabi, Dr. Girish is a trusted surgeon known for his expertise and dedication to patient care. 

Schedule your appointment today.

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